help estout                           also see: esttab, eststo, estadd, estpost
http://repec.org/bocode/e/estout
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Title

estout -- Making regression tables from stored estimates

Syntax
Description
Options
Examples
Remarks
Saved results
Backmatter

Syntax

estout [ what ] [ using filename ] [ , options ]

what                     description
----------------------------------------------------------------------
namelist                 tabulate stored estimation sets; namelist is
a name, a list of names, or _all; the * and
? wildcards are allowed; a name may also be
., meaning the current (active) estimates

matrix(name[, subopts])  tabulate matrix name
e(name[, subopts])       tabulate matrix e(name)
r(name[, subopts])       tabulate matrix r(name)
subopts:
fmt(fmtlist)         set the display format(s)
transpose            tabulate transposed matrix
----------------------------------------------------------------------

options                          description
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Parameter statistics
cells(elements and subopts)    contents of the table cells, where
an element's subopts are in paren-
theses, i.e. element[(subopts)]
elements:
b                          raw coefficient (point estimate)
se                         standard error
var                        variance
t                          t or z statistic
z                          t or z statistic (synonym for t)
p                          p-value
ci                         confidence interval
ci_l                       lower bound of confidence interval
ci_u                       upper bound of confidence interval
_star                      "significance stars"
_sign                      sign of point estimate
_sigsign                   sign and significance of estimate
.                          null element (empty cell)
&                          combine elements in single cell
myel                       results from e(myel)
myel[#]                    results from row # in e(myel)
myel[rowname]              results from row rowname in e(myel)

subopts (for each element,
except for . and &):
[no]star                   attach "significance stars"
fmt(fmt [fmt ...])         set the display format(s)
label(string)              define a label for element
par[(l r)] | nopar         place results in parentheses
vacant(string)             print string if coefficient is absent
drop(droplist)             drop certain individual results
keep(keeplist)             keep certain individual results
pattern(pattern)           model selection
pvalue(name)               set p-values for star (default: p)
[no]abs                    use absolute t-statistics
[no]transpose              transpose e(myel) for tabulation

drop(droplist)                 drop individual coefficients
keep(keeplist)                 keep individual coefficients
order(orderlist)               change order of coefficients
indicate(groups [, subopt])    indicate presence of parameters
subopt: labels(yes no)       redefine "Yes" and "No" labels
rename(old new [old new ...])  rename individual coefficients
equations(eqmatchlist)         match the models' equations
eform[(pattern)] | noeform     report exponentiated coefficients
transform(list [, subopt])     apply transformations to coefficients
subopt: pattern(pattern)])   select models
margin[(u|c|p)] | nomargin     report marginal effects/elasticities
discrete(string) | nodiscrete  identify 0/1 variables (if margin)
meqs(eq_list)                  select equations for marginal effects
dropped[(string)] | nodropped  indicate null coefficients as dropped
level(#)                       set level for confidence intervals

Summary statistics
stats(scalarlist[, subopts])   display summary statistics at the
bottom of the table
subopts:
fmt(fmt [fmt ...])         set the display formats
labels(strlist[,           label the summary statistics
label_subopts])
star[(sca'list)] | nostar  denote the model significance
layout(array)              arrange the summary statistics
pchar(symbol)              placeholder in layout(); default is @

Significance stars
starlevels(levelslist)         define thresholds and symbols,
where 'levelslist' is 'symbol #
[symbol # ...]' with # in (0,1] and
listed in descending order
stardrop(droplist)             drop stars for individual coefs
starkeep(keeplist)             keep stars for individual coefs
[no]stardetach                 display the stars in their own column

Layout
varwidth(#)                    set width of the table's left stub
modelwidth(# [# ...])          set width of the results columns
[no]unstack                    place equations from multiple-
equation models in separate columns
begin(string)                  specify the beginning of the rows
delimiter(string)              specify the column delimiter
end(string)                    specify the ending of the table rows
incelldelimiter(string)        specify delimiter within cell
dmarker(string)                define the decimal marker
msign(string)                  define the minus sign
[no]lz                         print the leading zero of fixed
format numbers in (-1,1)
extracols(numlist)             add empty column to the table
substitute(subst)              apply end-of-pipe substitutions, where
'subst' is 'from to [from to ... ]'

Labeling
[no]label                      make use of variable labels
[no]abbrev                     abbreviate long names and labels
[no]wrap                       wrap long labels (if space permits)
title(string)                  specify a title for the table
note(string)                   specify a note for the table
[no]legend                     add a significance symbols legend
prefoot(strlist)               add text before the table footer
postfoot(strlist)              add text after the table footer
hlinechar(string)              specify look of @hline
varlabels(matchlist[, sub.])   relabel the parameters
subopts:
blist(matchlist)           assign prefixes to certain rows
elist(matchlist)           assign suffixes to certain rows
label_subopts
labcol2(strlist[, subopts])    add a second labeling column
subopts:
width(#)                   set width of column
refcat(matchlist[, subopts])   add reference category information
subopts:
label(string) | nolabel    redefine the "ref." label
below                      change positioning of refcat
mlabels(strlist[, subopts])    label the models
subopts:
[no]depvars                use the name/label of the dependent
variable as model label
[no]titles                 use estimates title as model label
[no]numbers                number models labels consecutively
label_subopts
collabels(strlist[,            label the columns within models
label_subopts])
eqlabels(strlist[, subopts])   label the equations
subopts:
[no]merge                  merge equation and parameter labels
label_subopts
mgroups(strlist[, subopts])    define and label groups of models
subopts:
pattern(pattern)           define the grouping of the models
label_subopts
numbers[(l r)] | nonumbers     add a row containing model numbers

Output
[no]replace                    overwrite an existing file
[no]append                     append the output to an existing file
[no]type                       print the table in the results window
[no]showtabs                   display tabs as <T>s
topfile(filename)              insert file contents above table
bottomfile(filename)           insert file contents below table

Defaults
style(style)                   specify a style for the output table

styles:
smcl                       SMCL formatted table (screen default)
tab                        tab delimited table (export default)
fixed                      fixed format table
tex                        table for use with LaTeX
html                       table for use with HTML
----------------------------------------------------------------------

label_subopts                    Description
----------------------------------------------------------------------
[no]none                       suppress the labels
[no]first                      print the first occurrence of begin()
[no]last                       print the last occurrence of end()
replace                        replace global begin()/end()
[no]span                       span columns if appropriate
lhs(string)                    label the table's left stub
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Description

estout assembles a table of coefficients, "significance stars", summary
statistics, standard errors, t- or z-statistics, p-values, confidence
intervals, and other statistics for one or more models previously fitted
and stored by estimates store or eststo.  It then displays the table in
Stata's results window or writes it to a text file specified by using.
The default is to use SMCL formatting tags and horizontal lines to
structure the table. However, if using is specified, a tab-delimited
table without lines is produced.

namelist provides the names of the stored estimation sets to be
tabulated. You may use the * and ? wildcards in namelist. The results
estimated last may be indicated by a period (.), even if they have not
yet been stored. If no model is specified, estout tabulates the
estimation sets stored by eststo (see help eststo) or, if no such
estimates are present, the currently active estimates (i.e. the model fit
last).  estout may be used after any estimation command that returns its
results in e().

See the Introduction in the Examples section for an introduction on using
estout. See help estimates for general information about managing
estimation results. Furthermore, see help eststo for an alternative to
the estimates store command.

The default for estout is to produce a plain table containing point
estimates. Producing a fully formatted end-product may involve specifying
many options. However, note that a simple-to-use estout wrapper producing
pre-formatted publication style tables is available as esttab.
tabulation (such as the standardized coefficients or the means and
standard deviations of the regressors) and estpost to tabulate results
from non-estimation commands such as summarize or tabulate.

estout can also be used to tabulate the contents of a Stata matrix (see
help matrix). Type estout marix(name), where name is the name of the
matrix, instead of providing a namelist of stored estimation sets. See
the examples below. Alternatively, you may also specify e(name) or
r(name) to tabulate an e()-matrix or an r()-matrix. The cells() option is
disabled if tabulating a matrix.

Programms similar to estout include outreg by John Luke Gallup, outreg2
by Roy Wada, modltbl by John H. Tyler, mktab by Nicholas Winter, outtex
by Antoine Terracol, or est2tex by Marc Muendler. Also see Newson (2003)
for a very appealing approach.

Options

Contents

Parameter statistics
Summary statistics
Significance stars
Layout
Labeling
Output
Defaults
label_subopts
matrix_subopts

+----------------------+
----+ Parameter statistics +---------------------------------------------

cells(array) specifies the parameter statistics to be reported and how
they are to be arranged. The default is for cells to report point
estimates only, i.e. cells(b). cells(none) may be used to completely
suppress the printing of parameter statistics.  Alternatively,
cells(b se) would result in the reporting of point estimates and
standard errors. Multiple statistics are placed in separate rows
beneath one another by default. However, elements of array that are
listed in quotes or in parentheses, e.g.  "b se" or "b se"' or
(b se), are placed beside one another. For example, cells("b p" se)
or, equivalently, cells((b p) se) would produce a table with point
estimates and p-values beside one another in first row and standard
errors in the second row beneath the point estimates.

The parameter statistics available are b (point estimates), se
(standard errors), var (variance), t (t/z-statistics), z (synonym for
t), p (p-values), and ci (confidence intervals; to display the lower
and upper bounds in separate cells use ci_l and ci_u). Any additional
parameter statistics included in the e()-returns for the models can
be tabulated as well. If, for example, e(beta) contains the
standardized coefficients, type cells(beta) to tabulate them (use
e()-returns of a model). The syntax name[#] or name[rowname] can be
used to refer to specific rows in e(name). For example, type
cell(ci_bc[1] ci_bc[2]) or cell(ci_bc[ll] ci_bc[ul]) to tabulate the
lower and upper bounds of the bias-corrected confidence intervals
after bootstrap.  The default is to report the results from the first
row.  Also see the eform and margin options for more information on
the kinds of statistics that can be displayed.

Further available elements in array are _star, _sign, and _sigsign.
_star causes stars denoting the significance of the coefficients to
be printed (* for p<.05, ** for p<.01, and *** for p<.001;
customizable via the starlevels() option below).  _star places the
significance stars in their own cells. See the star suboption below
if you want to attach the stars to another element. _sign prints the
signs of the coefficients ("+", "-", or "0"). _sigsign, a combination
of _star and _sign, repeats the signs of the coefficients where the
number of repetitions reflects the level of significance
(non-significant coefficients are left empty; however, you may set
the first level to 1 in the starlevels() option).

Finally, . and & may be used in array. . inserts a "null" element.
Use this to add empty cells. For example, cells("b p" ". se") would
produce a table with point estimates in the first column and p-values
and standard errors beneath one another in the second column. & is
used to combine elements in the same cell. Use the incelldelimiter()
option to specify the text to be printed between the combined
elements (the default is to print a single blank). For example, in
HTML, use cell(b & se) and incelldelimiter(<br>) to include point
estimates and standard errors in a single cell and insert a line
break between them.

A set of suboptions may be specified in parentheses for each element
named in array (except for . and &). For example, to add significance
stars to the coefficients and place the standard errors in
parentheses, specify cells(b(star) se(par)). The following suboptions
are available. Use:

star to specify that stars denoting the significance of the
coefficients be attached to the statistic: * for p<.05, **
for p<.01, and *** for p<.001. The symbols and the values for
the thresholds and the number of levels are fully
customizable (see the Significance stars options).

fmt(fmt [fmt ...]) to specify the display format(s) of a
statistic. It defaults to %9.0g or the format for the first
statistic in cells(). If only one format is specified, it is
used for all occurrences of the statistic. For example, type

. estout ..., cells("b(fmt(3)) t(fmt(2))")

to print coefficients and t-values beside one another using
three decimal places for coefficients and two decimal places
for t-values. If multiple formats are specified, the first
format is used for the first regressor in the estimates
table, the second format for the second regressor, and so on.
The last format is used for the remaining regressors if the
number of regressors in the table is greater than the number
of specified formats.  For instance, type

. estout ..., cells(b(fmt(3 4 2)))

to use three decimal places for the first coefficient, four
decimal places for the second, and two decimal places for all
remaining coefficients. Note that, regardless of the display
format chosen, leading and trailing blanks are removed from
the numbers. White space can be added by specifying a
modelwidth() (see the Layout options). fmt may be any of
Stata's numerical display formats, e.g., %9.0g or %8.2f, an
integer # such as 1 or 3 to use a fixed format with # decimal
places, or a# such as a1 or a3 to use estout's adaptive
display format (see Numerical formats in the Remarks section
for details).

label(string) to specify a label to appear in the column heading.
The default is the name of the statistic.

par[(l r)] to specify that the statistic in question be placed in
parentheses. It is also possible to specify custom
"parentheses". For example, se(par({ })) would display the
standard errors in curly brackets. Or, se(par("="("'
")""')) will write parentheses in a way that Excel can
recognize. For ci the syntax is:

ci(par[(l m r)])

vacant(string) to print string if a coefficient is not in the
model. The default is to leave such cells empty.

drop(droplist [, relax]) to cause certain individual statistics
to be dropped. For example, specifying t(drop(_cons))
suppresses the t-statistics for the constants.  droplist is
specified as in the global drop() option (see below).

keep(keeplist [, relax]) to cause certain individual statistics
to be kept. For example, the specification t(keep(mpg)) would
display the t-statistics exclusively for the variable mpg.
keeplist is specified analogous to droplist in drop() (see
below).

pattern(pattern) to designate a pattern of models for which the
statistics are to be reported, where the pattern consists of
zeros and ones. A 1 indicates that the statistic be printed;
0 indicates that it be suppressed. For example beta(pattern(1
0 1)) would result in beta being reported for the first and
third models, but not for the second.

pvalue(name) to specify the p-values used to determine the
significance stars (see star above). The default is
pvalue(p), indicating that the standard p-values are to be
used (i.e. the p-values computed form the coefficients vector
and the variance matrix). Alternatively, specify
pvalue(mypvalue), in which case the significance stars will
be determined from the values in e(mypvalue). Values outside
[0,1] will be ignored.

abs to specify that absolute t-statistics be used instead of
regular t-statistics (relevant only if used with t()).

transpose to specify that e(myel) be transposed for tabulation.

drop(droplist [, relax]) identifies the coefficients to be dropped from
the table. A droplist comprises one or more specifications, separated
by white space. A specification can be either a parameter name (e.g.
price), an equation name followed by a colon (e.g. mean:), or a full
name (e.g. mean:price). You may use the * and ? wildcards in equation
names and parameter names. Be sure to refer to the matched equation
names, and not to the original equation names in the models, when
using the equations() option to match equations.  Specify the relax
suboption to allow droplist to contain elements for which no match
can be found.

keep(keeplist [, relax]) selects the coefficients to be included in the
table. keeplist is specified analogous to droplist in drop() (see
above). Note that keep() does not change the the order of the
coefficients. Use order() to change the order of coefficients.

order(orderlist) changes the order of the coefficients and equations
within the table. orderlist is specified analogous to droplist in
drop() (see above). Reordering of coefficients is performed equation
by equation, unless equations are explicitly specified. Coefficients
and equations that do not appear in orderlist are placed last (in
their original order). Extra table rows are inserted for elements in

indicate(groups [, labels(yes no)]) indicates for each model (or, if
unstack is specified, for each equation) the presence of certain
groups of coefficients at the end of the table body. The syntax for
groups is

group [ group ... ]

where a group is

[name = ] list

and list is a list of coefficient specifications as defined in drop()
above. The single groups should be enclosed in quotes unless there is
only one group and "name =" is specified. If "name =" is omitted, the
first element of list is used as name. Note that name may contain
spaces.

For example, if some of the models contain a set of year dummies, say
y1 y2 y3, specify

estout ..., indicate(year effects = y1 y2 y3)

to drop the dummies from the table and add a "year effects" row
containing "Yes" for models in which at least one of the dummies is
present, and "No" for the other models.

Use the labels() suboption to redefine the indication labels to be
printed in the table. The default is labels(Yes No). Use quotes if
the labels include spaces, e.g. labels("in model"  "not in model").

rename(matchlist) changes the names of individual coefficients, where
matchlist is

oldname newname [oldname newname ...]

oldname can be a parameter name (e.g. price) or a full name including
an equation specification (e.g. mean:price) (abbreviation and
wildcards not allowed); newname is a name without equation
specification and must not already occur in a model's equation.
rename() is applied before matching the models and equations and can
therefore be used to merge different coefficients across models (or
equations if unstack is specified) into a single table row. See the
varlabels() option if you are interested in relabeling coefficients
after matching models and equations.

equations(matchlist) specifies how the models' equations are to be
matched. The default is to match all first equations into one
equation (named main, if the equations have different names) and
match the remaining equations by name. Specify equations("") to match
all equations by name. Alternatively, specify matchlist, which has
the syntax

term [, term ... ]

where term is

[eqname =] #:#...:#              (syntax 1)

[eqname =] #                     (syntax 2)

In syntax 1, each # is a number or a period (.).  If a number, it
specifies the position of the equation in the corresponding model;
1:3:1 would indicate that equation 1 in the first model matches
equation 3 in the second, which matches equation 1 in the third.  A
period indicates that there is no corresponding equation in the
model; 1:.:1 indicates that equation 1 in the first matches equation
1 in the third.

In syntax 2, you specify just one number, say, 1 or 2, and that is
shorthand for 1:1...:1 or 2:2...:2, meaning that equation 1 matches
across all models specified or that equation 2 matches across all
models specified.

eqname is used to name the matched equations. If it is suppressed, a
name such as #1 or #2 etc. is used, depending on the position of the
term. For example, equations(1) indicates that all first equations
are to be matched into one equation named #1. All equations not
matched by position are matched by name.

eform[(pattern)] displays the coefficient table in exponentiated form.
The exponent of b is displayed in lieu of the untransformed
coefficient; standard errors and confidence intervals are transformed
as well. Specify a pattern if the exponentiation is to be applied
only for certain models. For instance, eform(1 0 1) would transform
the statistics for Models 1 and 3, but not for Model 2. Note that,
unlike regress and estimates table, estout in eform-mode does not
suppress the display of the intercept. To drop the intercept in
eform-mode, specify drop(_cons). Note: eform is implemented via the
transform() option. If both options are specified, transform() takes
precedence over eform.

transform(list [, pattern(pattern)]) displays transformed coefficients,
standard errors and confidence intervals. list may be

fx dfx

where fx is the transformation function and dfx is its first
derivative. fx is applied to coefficients and confidence intervals,
that is, fx(b) and fx(ci) is displayed instead of b and ci. dfx is
used to delta transform standard errors, i.e. se*dfx(b) is displayed
instead of se. Use @ as a placeholder for the function's argument in
fx and dfx. For example, type

estout ..., transform(exp(@) exp(@))

to report exponentiated results (this is equivalent to specifying the
eform option).

Alternatively, list may be specified as

coefs fx dfx [ ... [coefs] fx dfx ]

where coefs identifies the coefficients to be transformed. Syntax for
coefs is as explained above in the description of the drop() option
(however, include coefs in quotes if it contains multiple elements).
Say, a model has two equations, price and select, and you want to
exponentiate the price equation but not the select equation. You
could then type

estout ..., transform(price: exp(@) exp(@))

Note that omitting coef in the last transformation specification
causes the last transformation to be applied to all remaining
coefficients.

Specify the pattern() suboption if the transformations are to be
applied only for certain models. For instance, pattern(1 0 1) would
apply the transformation to Models 1 and 3, but not Model 2.

margin[(u|c|p)] indicates that the marginal effects or elasticities be
reported instead of the raw coefficients. This option has an effect
only if mfx has been applied to a model before its results were
stored (see help mfx) or if a dprobit (see help probit),
truncreg,marginal (help truncreg), or dtobit (Cong 2000) model is
estimated. One of the parameters u, c, or p, corresponding to the
unconditional, conditional, and probability marginal effects,
respectively, is required for dtobit. Note that the standard errors,
confidence intervals, t-statistics, and p-values are transformed as
well.

Using the margin option with multiple-equation models can be tricky.
The marginal effects of variables that are used in several equations
are printed repeatedly for each equation because the equations per se
are meaningless for mfx. To display the effects for certain equations
only, specify the meqs() option. Alternatively, use the keep() and
drop() options to eliminate redundant rows. The equations() option
might also be of help here.

discrete(string) may be used to override the default symbol and
explanatory text used to identify dummy variables when reporting
marginal effects. The first token in string is used as the symbol.
The default is:

discrete(" (d)" for discrete change of dummy variable from 0 to
1)

To display explanatory text, specify either the legend option or use
the @discrete variable (see the Remarks on using @-variables).

Use nodiscrete to disable the identification of dummy variables as
such. The default is to indicate the dummy variables unless they have
been interpreted as continuous variables in all of the models for
which results are reported (for dprobit and dtobit, however, dummy
variables will always be listed as discrete variables unless
nodiscrete is specified).

meqs(eq_list) specifies that marginals be printed only for the equations
in eq_list. Specifying this option does not affect how the marginals
are calculated.  An eq_list comprises one or more equation names
(without colons) separated by white space. If you use the equations()
option to match equations, be sure to refer to the matched equation
names and not to the original equation names in the models.

dropped[(string)] causes null coefficients (coefficients for which e(b)
and e(V) is zero) to be indicated as dropped. string specifies the
text to be printed in place of the estimates. The default text is
"(dropped)".

level(#) assigns the confidence level, in percent, for the confidence
intervals of the coefficients (see help level).

+--------------------+
----+ Summary statistics +-----------------------------------------------

stats(scalarlist[, stats_subopts]) specifies one or more scalar
statistics - separated by white space - to be displayed at the bottom
of the table. The scalarlist may contain numeric e()-scalars such as,
e.g., N, r2, or chi2, but also string e()-macros such as cmd or
depvar. In addition, the following statistics are available:

aic     Akaike's information criterion
bic     Schwarz's information criterion
rank    rank of e(V), i.e. the number of free parameters in model
p       the p-value of the model (overall model significance)

See [R] estimates table for details on the aic and bic statistics.
The rules for the determination of p are as follows (note that
although the procedure outlined below is appropriate for most models,
there might be some models for which it is not):

1) p-value provided: If the e(p) scalar is provided by the
estimation command, it will be interpreted as indicating the
p-value of the model.

2) F test: If e(p) is not provided, estout checks for the
presence of the e(df_m), e(df_r), and e(F) scalars and, if
they are present, the p-value of the model will be calculated
as Ftail(df_m,df_r,F). This p-value corresponds to the
standard overall F test of linear regression.

3) chi2 test: Otherwise, if neither e(p) nor e(F) is provided,
estout checks for the presence of e(df_m) and e(chi2) and, if
they are present, calculates the p-value as
chi2tail(df_m,chi2). This p-value corresponds to the
Likelihood-Ratio or Wald chi2 test.

4) If neither e(p), e(F), nor e(chi2) is available, no p-value
will be reported.

Type ereturn list after estimating a model to see a list of the
returned e()-scalars and macros (see help ereturn). Use the estadd
command to add extra statistics and other information to the
e()-returns.

The following stats_subopts are available. Use:

fmt(fmt [fmt ...]) to set the display formats for the scalars
statistics in scalarlist.  fmt may be any of Stata's
numerical display formats, e.g., %9.0g or %8.2f, an integer #
such as 1 or 3 to use a fixed format with # decimal places,
or a# such as a1 or a3 to use estout's adaptive display
format (see Numerical formats in the {help
estout##rem:Remarks} section for details). For example, fmt(3
0) would be suitable for stats(r2_a N). Note that the last
specified format is used for the remaining scalars if the
list of scalars is longer than the list of formats. Thus,
only one format needs to be specified if all scalars are to
be displayed in the same format. If no format is specified,
the default format is the display format of the coefficients.

labels(strlist[, label_subopts]) to specify labels for rows
containing the scalar statistics. If specified, the labels
are used instead of the scalar names. For example:

. estout ..., stats(r2_a N, labels("Adj. R-Square"
"Number of Cases"))

Note that names like r2_a produce an error in LaTeX because
the underscore character has a special meaning in LaTeX (to
print the underscore in LaTeX, type \_). Use the label()
suboption to rename such statistics, e.g. stats(r2_a,
labels(r2\_a)). An alternative approach is to use estout's
substitute() option (see the Layout options).

star[(scalarlist)] to specify that the overall significance of
the model be denoted by stars. The stars are attached to the
scalar statistics specified in scalarlist. If scalarlist is
omitted, the stars are attached to the first reported scalar
statistic. The printing of the stars is suppressed in empty
results cells (i.e. if the scalar statistic in question is
missing for a certain model). The determination of the model
significance is based on the p-value of the model (see
above).

Hint: It is possible to attach the stars to different scalar
statistics within the same table. For example, specify
stats(,star(r2_a r2_p)) when tabulating OLS estimates and,
say, probit estimates. For the OLS models, the F test will be
carried out and the significance stars will be attached to
the r2_a; for the probit models, the chi2 test will be used
and the stars will appear next to the r2_p.

layout(array) to rearrange the summary statistics. The default is
to print the statistics in separate rows beneath one another
(in each model's first column). The syntax for array is

<row> [ <row> ... ]

where row is

<cell> [ <cell> ... ]

and @ is used as a placeholder for the statistics, one after
another. Rows and cells that contain blanks have to be
embraced in quotes. For example,

... stats(chi2 df_m N, layout("@ @" @))

prints for each model in row 1/column 1 the chi-squared, in
row1/column 2 the degrees of freedom, and in row 2/column 1
the number of observations. Cells may contain multiple
statistics and text other than the placeholder symbol is
printed as is (provided the cells' statistics are part of the
model). For example,

... stats(chi2 df_m N, layout(""@ (@)""' @))

prints a cell containing "chi2 (df_m)" in the first row and
the number of observations in the second row. Note that the
number of columns in the table only depends on the cells()
option (see above) and not on the layout() suboption. If, for
example, the table has two columns per model and you specify
three columns of summary statistics, the summary statistics
in the third column are not printed.

pchar(symbol) to specify the placeholder symbol used in layout().
The default placeholder is @.

+--------------------+
----+ Significance stars +-----------------------------------------------

starlevels(levelslist) overrides the default thresholds and symbols for
"significance stars". For instance, starlevels(+ 0.10 * 0.05) sets
the following thresholds: + for p<.10 and * for p<.05. Note that the
thresholds must lie in the (0,1] interval and must be specified in
descending order. To, for example, denote insignificant results, type
starlevels(* 1 "" 0.05).

stardrop(droplist [, relax]) identifies the coefficients for which the
significance stars be suppressed. droplist is specified as in drop()
(see above).

starkeep(keeplist [, relax]) selects the coefficients for which the
significance stars, if requested, be printed. keeplist is specified
analogous to droplist in drop() (see above).

stardetach specifies that a delimiter be placed between the statistics
and the significance stars (i.e. that the stars are to be displayed
in their own column).

+--------+
----+ Layout +-----------------------------------------------------------

varwidth(#) specifies the number of characters used to display the names
(labels) of regressors and statistics (i.e. varwidth specifies the
width of the table's left stub). Long names (labels) are abbreviated
(depending on the abbrev option) and short or empty cells are padded
out with blanks to fit the width specified by the user.  varwidth set
to 0 means that the names are not abbreviated and no white space is
added. Specifying low values may cause misalignment.

modelwidth(# [# ...]) designates the number of characters used to display
the results columns. If a non-zero modelwidth is specified, model
names are abbreviated if necessary (depending on the abbrev option)
and short or empty results cells are padded out with blanks. In
contrast, modelwidth does not shorten or truncate the display of the
results themselves (coefficients, t-statistics, summary statistics,
etc.) although it may add blanks if needed.  modelwidth set to 0
means that the model names are not abbreviated and no white space is
added. Specifying low values may cause misalignment. Specify a list
different results columns (the list is recycled if there are more
columns than numbers).

The purpose of modelwidth is to be able to construct a fixed-format
table and thus make the raw table more readable. Be aware, however,
that the added blanks may cause problems with the conversion to a
table in word processors or spreadsheets.

unstack specifies that the individual equations from multiple-equation
models (e.g. mlogit, reg3, heckman) be placed in separate columns.
The default is to place the equations below one another in a single
column. Summary statistics will be reported for each equation if
unstack is specified and the estimation command is either reg3,
sureg, or mvreg (see help reg3, help sureg, help mvreg).

begin(string) specifies a string to be printed at the beginning of every
table row. It is possible to use special functions such as _tab or
the description of the functions in help file.

delimiter(string) designates the delimiter used between the table
columns. See the begin option above for further details.

end(string) specifies a string to be printed at the end of every table
row. See the begin option above for further details.

incelldelimiter(string) specifies text to be printed between parameter
statistics that have been combined in a single cell by the &
operator. See the cells() option for details. The default string is a
single blank.

dmarker(string) specifies the form of the decimal marker. The standard
decimal symbol (a period or a comma, depending on the input provided
to set dp; see help format) is replaced by string.

msign(string) determines the form of the minus sign. The standard minus
sign (-) is replaced by string.

lz specifies that the leading zero of fixed format numbers in the
interval (-1,1) be printed. This is the default. Use nolz to advise
estout to omit the leading zeros (that is, to print numbers like
0.021 or -0.33 as .021 and -.33).

extracols(numlist) inserts empty table columns at the indicated
positions. For example, extracols(1) adds an extra column between the
left stub of the table and the first column.

substitute(subst_list) specifies that the substitutions specified in
subst_list be applied to the estimates table after it has been
created. Specify subst_list as a list of substitution pairs, that is:

from to [from to ...]

For example, specify substitute(_ \_) to replace the underscore
character (as in _cons or F_p) with it's LaTeX equivalent \_.

+----------+
----+ Labeling +---------------------------------------------------------

label specifies that variable labels be displayed instead of variable
names in the left stub of the table.

abbrev specifies that long names and labels be abbreviated if a
modelwidth() and/or a varwidth() is specified.

wrap causes long variable labels to be wrapped if space permits and a
varwidth() is specified. The wrap option is only useful if several
parameter statistics are printed beneath one another and, therefore,
white space is available beneath the labels.

title(string) may be used to specify a title for the table.  The string
prefoot(), or postfoot() is specified. In the latter case, the
variable @title can be used to insert the title.

note(string) may be used to specify a note for the table.  The string is
prefoot(), or postfoot() is specified. In the latter case, the
variable @note can be used to insert the note.

legend adds a legend explaining the significance symbols and thresholds.

postfoot(strlist) may be used to define lists of text lines to appear
before and after the table heading or the table footer. For example,
the specification

. estout ..., prehead("\S_DATE \S_TIME" "")

would add a line containing the current date and time followed by an
empty line before the table. Various substitution functions can be
used as part of the text lines specified in strlist (see the Remarks
on using @-variables). For example, @hline plots a horizontal "line"
(series of dashes, by default; see the hlinechar() option) or @M
inserts the number of models in the table. @M could be used in a

hlinechar(string) specifies the character(s) to be used in @hline. The
default is hlinechar(-), resulting in a dashed line. To produce a
solid line, specify hlinechar(=char(151)') (Windows only; other
systems may use other codes).

varlabels(matchlist[, suboptions]) may be used to relabel the regressors
from the models, where matchlist is

name label [name label ...]

A name is a parameter name (e.g. price) or a full name (e.g.
mean:price) (abbreviation and wildcards not allowed). For example,
specify varlabels(_cons Constant) to replace each occurrence of _cons
with Constant. (Note that, in LaTeX, the underscore character
produces an error unless it is specified as \_. Thus, names such as
_cons should always be changed if the estimates table is to be used
with LaTeX. The substitute() may also be helpful; see the Layout
options.) The suboptions are:

blist(matchlist) to assign specific prefixes to certain rows in
the table body. Specify the matchlist as pairs of regressors
and prefixes, that is:

name prefix [name prefix ...]

A name is a parameter name (e.g. price), an equation name
followed by a colon (e.g. mean:), or a full name (e.g.
mean:price) (abbreviation and wildcards not allowed). Note
that equation names cannot be used if the unstack option is
specified.

elist(matchlist) to assign specific suffixes to certain rows in
the table body (see the analogous blist() option above). This
option may, for example, be useful for separating thematic
blocks of variables by adding vertical space at the end of
each block. A LaTeX example:

. estout ..., varlabels(,elist(price \addlinespace mpg

(the macro \addlinespace is provided by the booktabs package
in LaTeX)

label_subopts, which are explained in their own section.

labels for the coefficients and summary statistics. Labels containing
spaces should be embraced in double quotes ("label 1" "label 2"
etc.). An example would be to add a column indicating the
hypothesized directions of effects, e.g.,

. estout ..., labcol2(+ - +/- + 0)

The suboptions are:

Use double quotes to break the title into several rows (given
there are multiple header rows), i.e. specify strlist as
"line 1" "line 2" etc.

width(#) to set the width, in number of characters, of the
column. The default is the value of modelwidth().

refcat(matchlist[, suboptions]) may be used to insert a row containing
information on the reference category of a categorical variable in
the model. matchlist is

name refcat [name refcat ...]

A name is a parameter name (e.g. _Irep78_2) (abbreviation and
wildcards not allowed). For example, assume that you include the
categorical variable rep78 ("Repair Record 1978" from the auto
dataset) in some of your models using xi (see help xi). Since rep78
has five levels, 1 through 5, xi will create 4 dummy variables,
_Irep78_2 through _Irep78_5. You can now type

. estout ..., refcat(_Irep78_2 _Irep78_1)

to add a table row containing "_Irep78_1" in the left stub and "ref."
in each column in which the _Irep78_2 dummy appears. The suboptions
are:

label(string) to specify the label that is printed in the table
columns. The default is label(ref.). Type nolabel to suppress
the default label.

below to position the reference category row below the specified
coefficient's row. The default is above. For example, if the
5th category of rep78 is used as reference category, i.e. if
_Irep78_1 through _Irep78_4 are included in the models, you
might want to type refcat(_Irep78_4 _Irep78_5, below).

mlabels(strlist[, suboptions]) determines the model captions printed in
the table heading. The default is to use the names of the stored
estimation sets (or their titles, if the label option is specified
and titles are available). The suboptions for use with mlabels are:

depvars to specify that the name (or label) of the (first)
dependent variable of the model be used as model label.

titles to specify that, if available, the title of the stored
estimation set be used as the model label. Note that the
label option implies titles (unless notitles is specified).
depvars takes precedence over titles.

numbers to cause the model labels to be numbered consecutively.

label_subopts, which are explained in their own section.

collabels(strlist[, label_subopts]) specifies labels for the columns
within models or equations. The default is to compose a label from
the names or labels of the statistics printed in the cells of that
column. The label_subopts are explained in their own section below.

eqlabels(strlist[, suboptions]) labels the equations. The default is to
use the equation names as stored by the estimation command, or to use
the variable labels if the equation names correspond to individual
variables and the label option is specified. The suboptions for use
with eqlabels are:

merge to merge equation labels and parameter labels instead of
printing equation labels in separate rows. Equation and
parameter labels will be separated by ":" unless another
delimiter is specified via the suffix() suboption (see
label_subopts).  merge has no effect if unstack is specified.

label_subopts, which are explained in their own section. Note
that eqlabels(none) causes _cons to be replaced with the
equation name or label, if _cons is the only parameter in an
equation. This is useful, e.g., for tabulating ologit or
oprobit results in Stata 9. Specify eqlabels("", none) to not
replace _cons.

mgroups(strlist[, suboptions]) may be used to labels groups of
(consecutive) models at the top of the table heading. The labels are
placed in the first physical column of the output for the group of
models to which they apply. The suboptions for use with mgroups are:

pattern(pattern) to establish how the models are to be grouped.
pattern should be a list of zeros and ones, with ones
indicating the start of a new group of models. For example,

. estout ..., mgroups("Group 1" "Group 2", pattern(1 0 0
1 0))

would group Models 1, 2, and 3 together and then groups
Models 4 and 5 together as well. Note that the first group
the first token of pattern is a one or a zero.

label_subopts, which are explained in their own section. In
particular, the span suboption might be of interest here.

model numbers. The default is to enclose the numbers in parentheses,
i.e. (1), (2), etc.  Alternatively, specify l and r to change the
tokens on the left and right of each number. For example, numbers(""
")") would result in 1), 2), etc.

+--------+
----+ Output +-----------------------------------------------------------

replace permits estout to overwrite an existing file.

append specifies that the output be appended to an existing file. It may
be used even if the file does not yet exist.

type specifies that the assembled estimates table be printed in the
results window and the log file. This is the default unless using is
specified. Use notype to suppress the display of the table.

showtabs requests that tabs be displayed as <T>s in both the results
window and the log file instead of in expanded form. This option does
not affect how tabs are written to the text file specified by using.

topfile(filename) and bottomfile(filename) may be used to insert text
before and after the table, where the text is imported from a file on
disk. Note that substitute() does not apply to text inserted by
topfile() or bottomfile().

+----------+
----+ Defaults +---------------------------------------------------------

style(style) specifies a "style" for the output table. defaults(style) is
a synonym for style(style). A "style" is a named combination of
options that is saved in an auxiliary file called estout_style.def.
In addition, there are five internal styles called smcl (default for
screen display), tab (export default), fixed, tex, and html. The smcl
style is suitable for displaying the table in Stata's results window
and is the default unless using is specified. It includes SMCL
formatting tags and horizontal lines to structure the table. The
particulars of the other styles are:

settings                 styles
tab     fixed   tex     html
-----------------------------------------------
begin                                <tr><td>
delimiter    _tab    " "     &       </td><td>
end                          \\      </td></tr>
varwidth     0       12/20*  12/20*  12/20*
modelwidth   0       12      12      12
abbrev       off     on      off     off
(* if label is on)

tab is the default export style (i.e. if using is specified).

Note that explicitly specified options take precedence over settings
provided by a style. For example, if you type

. estout, delimiter("") style(tab)

then the column delimiter will be set to empty string since the
delimiter() option overwrites the default from the tab style.
Similarly, specifying noabbrev will turn abbreviation off if using
the fixed style.

See Defaults files in the Remarks section to make available your own
style.

+---------------+
----+ label_subopts +----------------------------------------------------

The following suboptions may be used within the mgroups(), mlabels(),
collabels(), eqlabels(), varlabels(), and stats(, labels()) options:

none suppresses the printing of the labels or drops the part of the table
option(, none) you may simply specify option(none).

prefix(string) specifies a common prefix to be added to each label.

suffix(string) specifies a common suffix to be added to each label.

begin(strlist) specifies a prefix to be printed at the beginning of the
part of the table to which it applies. If begin is specified in
varlabels() or stats(,labels()), the prefix will be repeated for each
regressor or summary statistic.

first specifies that the first occurrence of the begin()-prefix in
varlabels() or stats(,labels()) be printed. This is the default. Use
nofirst to suppress the first occurrence of the prefix. In
varlabels(), nofirst applies equation-wise, i.e., the first
begin()-prefix in each equation is suppressed (unless unstack is
specified).

end(strlist) specifies a suffix to be printed at the end of the part of
the table to which it applies. If end is specified in varlabels() or
stats(,labels()), the suffix will be repeated for each regressor or
summary statistic.

last specifies that the last occurrence of the end()-suffix in
varlabels() or stats(,labels()) be printed. This is the default. Use
nolast to suppress the last occurrence of the suffix. In varlabels(),
nolast applies equation-wise, i.e., the last end()-suffix in each
equation is suppressed (unless unstack is specified).

replace causes the label suboption begin()-prefix and end()-suffix to be
used instead of the global begin() and end() strings. The default is
to print both. replace also applies to blist() and elist() if
specified in varlabels().

span causes labels to span columns, i.e. extends the labels across
several columns, if appropriate. This suboption is relevant only for
the mgroups(), mlabels(), eqlabels(), and collabels() options. The
@span string returns the number of spanned columns if it is included
in the label, prefix, or suffix. A LaTeX example:

. estout ..., mlabels(, span prefix(\multicolumn{@span}{c}{)
suffix(}))

erepeat(string) specifies a string that is repeated for each group of
spanned columns at the very end of the row if the span suboption is
specified. This suboption is relevant only for the mgroups(),
mlabels(), eqlabels(), and collabels() options. If the @span string
is included in string it will be replaced by the range of columns
spanned. A LaTeX example:

. estout ..., mlabels(, span erepeat(\cline{@span}))

lhs(string) inserts string into the otherwise empty cell in the left stub
of the row of the table heading to which it applies. This suboption
is relevant only for the mgroups(), mlabels(), eqlabels(), and
collabels() options.

+----------------+
----+ matrix_subopts +---------------------------------------------------

The following suboptions may be applied within the matrix(), e(), or r()
argument used to tabulate a matrix:

fmt(fmtlist) sets the display formats for the matrix.  fmtlist contains a
list of format specifications, one for each column of the matrix.
fmtlist is recycled if it supplies less specifications than there are
columns in the matrix. A format specification may be a single fmt
such as, e.g., %9.0g or a3 (see Numerical formats in the Remarks
section for details) to be applied to all cells in the column.
Alternatively, a format specification may be a list of fmts, enclosed
in double quotes, to be used for the cells in the column one by one.
The last format in the list is used for the remaining cells if the
number of cells in the column is greater than the number of formats
in the list. Also see the examples below.

transpose causes the matrix to be transposed for tabulation.

Examples

Contents
Introduction
Publication style table
t-statistics for selected variables only
Summary statistics only
Table of descriptives
Unstack multiple equations
Marginal effects
Tabulating a matrix

and intended for users already familiar with the basic features of
estout. Additional examples can be found in Jann (2005) and at
http://repec.org/bocode/e/estout.

+--------------+
----+ Introduction +-----------------------------------------------------

The full syntax of estout is rather complex and is to be found above.
However, consider the following basic syntax, which includes only the
most important options:

estout [ namelist ] [ using filename ] [ , cells(array)
stats(scalarlist) style(style) more_options ]

where namelist is a list of the names of stored estimation sets (the name
list can be entered as * to refer to all stored estimates). The cells()
and stats() options determine the primary contents of the table. The
style() option determines the basic formatting of the table.

Basic usage

The general procedure for using estout is to first store several models
using the estimates store or the eststo command and then apply estout to
display or save a table of the estimates. By default, estout displays a
plain table of the coefficients of the models and uses SMCL tags and
horizontal lines to structure the table:

. sysuse auto
(1978 Automobile Data)

. replace price = price / 1000
price was int now float

. replace weight = weight / 1000
weight was int now float

. quietly regress price weight mpg

. estimates store m1, title(Model 1)

. generate forXmpg = foreign * mpg

. quietly regress price weight mpg forXmpg foreign

. estimates store m2, title(Model 2)

. estout m1 m2

--------------------------------------
m1           m2
b            b
--------------------------------------
weight           1.746559     4.613589
mpg             -.0495122     .2631875
forXmpg                      -.3072165
foreign                       11.24033
_cons            1.946068    -14.44958
--------------------------------------

Alternatively, if using is specified, estout writes a raw tab-delimited
table (without SMCL tags and without lines) to the indicated file (* is
used in the following example to indicate that all stored models be
tabulated):

. estout * using example.txt
(output written to example.txt)

. type example.txt
m1      m2
b       b
weight  1.746559        4.613589
mpg     -.0495122       .2631875
forXmpg         -.3072165
foreign         11.24033
_cons   1.946068        -14.44958

The table looks messy in the Stata results window or the Stata log
because the columns are tab-separated (note that tab characters are not
preserved in the results window or the log). However, the table would
look tidy if "example.txt" were opened, for example, in a spreadsheet
program.

Choosing a style

estout has a style() option to set the basic format of the table. The
default style for screen display is the smcl style.  The default export
style (i.e. if using is specified) is the tab style. (See the examples
above.) Other predefined styles are fixed, tex, and html, but it is also
possible to define one's own styles (see Defaults files in the Remarks
section). The tex style, for example, modifies the output table for use
with LaTeX's tabular environment:

. estout *, style(tex) varlabels(_cons \_cons)

&          m1&          m2\\
&           b&           b\\
weight      &    1.746559&    4.613589\\
mpg         &   -.0495122&    .2631875\\
forXmpg     &            &   -.3072165\\
foreign     &            &    11.24033\\
\_cons      &    1.946068&   -14.44958\\

Note that _cons has been replaced by its LaTeX equivalent in the example
above using the varlabels() option (the underscore character produces an
error in LaTeX unless it is preceded by a backslash). For more
information on the varlabels() option, see estout's Labeling options.

The cells option

Use the cells() option to specify the parameter statistics to be
tabulated and how they are to be arranged. The parameter statistics
available are b (point estimates; the default), se (standard errors), t
(t-/z-statistics), p (p-values), ci (confidence intervals; to display the
lower and upper bounds in separate cells use ci_l and ci_u), as well as
any additional parameter statistics included in the e()-returns for the
models (see estout's Parameter Statistics options). For example, cells(b
se) results in the reporting of point estimates and standard errors:

. estout *, cells(b se)

--------------------------------------
m1           m2
b/se         b/se
--------------------------------------
weight           1.746559     4.613589
.6413538     .7254961
mpg             -.0495122     .2631875
.086156     .1107961
forXmpg                      -.3072165
.1085307
foreign                       11.24033
2.751681
_cons            1.946068    -14.44958
3.59705      4.42572
--------------------------------------

Multiple statistics are placed in separate rows beneath one another by
default as in the example above. However, elements that are listed in
quotes or in parentheses are placed beside one another. For example,
specifying cells("b se t p") or, equivalently, cells((b se t p)) produces
the following table:

. estout m2, cells("b se t p")

----------------------------------------------------------------
m2
b           se            t            p
----------------------------------------------------------------
weight           4.613589     .7254961     6.359219     1.89e-08
mpg              .2631875     .1107961     2.375421     .0203122
forXmpg         -.3072165     .1085307    -2.830687     .0060799
foreign          11.24033     2.751681     4.084896     .0001171
_cons           -14.44958      4.42572     -3.26491     .0017061
----------------------------------------------------------------

The two approaches can be combined. For example, cells("b p" se) would
produce a table with point estimates and standard errors beneath one
another in the first column and p-values in the top row of the second
column for each model.

Note that for each statistic named in the cells() option a set of
suboptions may be specified in parentheses. For example, in social
sciences it is common to report standard errors or t-statistics in
parentheses beneath the coefficients and to indicate the significance of
individual coefficients with stars. Furthermore, the results are rounded.
Just such a table can be created using the following procedure:

. estout *, cells(b(star fmt(3)) t(par fmt(2)))

--------------------------------------------
m1              m2
b/t             b/t
--------------------------------------------
weight              1.747**         4.614***
(2.72)          (6.36)
mpg                -0.050           0.263*
(-0.57)          (2.38)
forXmpg                            -0.307**
(-2.83)
foreign                            11.240***
(4.08)
_cons               1.946         -14.450**
(0.54)         (-3.26)
--------------------------------------------

The estout default is to display * for p<.05, ** for p<.01, and *** for
p<.001. However, note that the significance thresholds and symbols are
fully customizable (see estout's Significance stars options).

The stats option

Finally, use the stats() option to specify scalar statistics to be
displayed for each model in the table footer. The available scalar
statistics are aic (Akaike's information criterion), bic (Schwarz's
information criterion), rank (the rank of e(V), i.e. the number of free
parameters in model), p (the p-value of the model), as well as any
numeric or string scalars contained in the e()-returns for the models
(see estout's Summary statistics options). For example, specify stats(r2
bic N) to add the R-squared, BIC, and the number of cases:

. estout *, stats(r2 bic N)

--------------------------------------
m1           m2
b            b
--------------------------------------
weight           1.746559     4.613589
mpg             -.0495122     .2631875
forXmpg                      -.3072165
foreign                       11.24033
_cons            1.946068    -14.44958
--------------------------------------
r2               .2933891     .5516277
bic              356.2918     331.2406
N                      74           74
--------------------------------------

+-------------------------+
----+ Publication style table +------------------------------------------

. label variable foreign "Foreign car type"

. label variable forXmpg "Foreign*Mileage"

. estout *, cells(b(star fmt(%9.3f)) se(par))                ///
>     stats(r2_a N, fmt(%9.3f %9.0g) labels(R-squared))      ///
>     legend label collabels(none) varlabels(_cons Constant)

----------------------------------------------------
Model 1         Model 2
----------------------------------------------------
Weight (lbs.)               1.747**         4.614***
(0.641)         (0.725)
Mileage (mpg)              -0.050           0.263*
(0.086)         (0.111)
Foreign*Mileage                            -0.307**
(0.109)
Foreign car type                           11.240***
(2.752)
Constant                    1.946         -14.450**
(3.597)         (4.426)
----------------------------------------------------
R-squared                   0.273           0.526
N                              74              74
----------------------------------------------------
* p<0.05, ** p<0.01, *** p<0.001

+------------------------------------------+
----+ t-statistics for selected variables only +-------------------------

. estout *, cells(b(star) t(par keep(mpg)))

--------------------------------------------
m1              m2
b/t             b/t
--------------------------------------------
weight           1.746559**      4.613589***
mpg             -.0495122        .2631875*
(-.5746806)      (2.375421)
forXmpg                         -.3072165**
foreign                          11.24033***
_cons            1.946068       -14.44958**
--------------------------------------------

+-------------------------+
----+ Summary statistics only +------------------------------------------

. estout *, cells(none) stats(r2_a bic N, star)

--------------------------------------------
m1              m2
--------------------------------------------
r2_a             .2734846***     .5256351***
bic              356.2918        331.2406
N                      74              74
--------------------------------------------

+-----------------------+
----+ Table of descriptives +--------------------------------------------

. quietly generate x = uniform()

. quietly regress x price weight mpg foreign

e(mean) :  1 x 5

e(sd) :  1 x 5

. estout, cells("mean sd") stats(N) mlabels(,none) drop(_cons)

--------------------------------------
mean           sd
--------------------------------------
price            6.165257     2.949496
weight           3.019459     .7771936
mpg               21.2973     5.785503
foreign          .2972973
--------------------------------------
N                      74
--------------------------------------

+----------------------------+
----+ Unstack multiple equations +---------------------------------------

. quietly sureg (price foreign weight length) ///
>               (mpg displ = foreign weight)

. estout, cells(b t(par)) stats(r2 chi2 p) unstack

---------------------------------------------------
price          mpg displacement
b/t          b/t          b/t
---------------------------------------------------
foreign           3.57526    -1.650029     -25.6127
(5.749891)  (-1.565555)  (-2.047999)
weight           5.691462    -6.587886     96.75485
(6.182983)  (-10.55641)   (13.06594)
length          -.0882711
(-2.809689)
_cons            4.506212      41.6797    -87.23547
(1.255897)   (19.64914)   (-3.46585)
---------------------------------------------------
r2                .548808     .6627029     .8115213
chi2             89.73586     145.3912     318.6174
p                2.50e-19     2.68e-32     6.50e-70
---------------------------------------------------

+------------------+
----+ Marginal effects +-------------------------------------------------

. generate record = 0

. replace record = 1 if rep > 3

. eststo raw: quietly logit foreign mpg record

. eststo mfx: quietly mfx

. estout raw mfx, cells("b Xmfx_X(pattern(0 1))" se(par)) margin legend

---------------------------------------------------
raw          mfx
b/se         b/se       Xmfx_X
---------------------------------------------------
mpg              .1079219     .0184528      21.2973
(.0565077)   (.0101674)
record (d)       2.435068     .4271707     .4594595
(.7128444)   (.1043178)
_cons           -4.689347
(1.326547)
---------------------------------------------------
(d) for discrete change of dummy variable from 0 to 1

+---------------------+
----+ Tabulating a matrix +----------------------------------------------

Use estout matrix(matname) to tabulate Stata matrix matname. Example:

. set seed 123

. matrix A = matuniform(3,2)

. matrix list A

A[3,2]
c1         c2
r1  .91204397   .0075452
r2  .28085881  .46027868
r3  .56010592  .67319061

. estout matrix(A)

--------------------------------------
A
c1           c2
--------------------------------------
r1                .912044     .0075452
r2               .2808588     .4602787
r3               .5601059     .6731906
--------------------------------------

Numeric formats for the columns can be set using the fmt() suboption:

. estout matrix(A, fmt(2 3))

--------------------------------------
A
c1           c2
--------------------------------------
r1                   0.91        0.008
r2                   0.28        0.460
r3                   0.56        0.673
--------------------------------------

A list of formats can be specified for each column:

. estout matrix(A, fmt("2 3 4" "4 3 2"))

--------------------------------------
A
c1           c2
--------------------------------------
r1                   0.91       0.0075
r2                  0.281        0.460
r3                 0.5601         0.67
--------------------------------------

Remarks

Contents

Numerical formats
Special characters
Using @-variables
Defaults files

+-------------------+
----+ Numerical formats +------------------------------------------------

Numerical display formats may be specified in estout as follows:

1. Official Stata's display formats: You may specify formats, such as
%9.0g or %8.2f. See help format for a list of available formats. %g
or g may be used as a synonym for %9.0g.

2. Fixed format: You may specify an integer value such as 0, 1, 2, etc.
to request a display format with a fixed number of decimal places.
For example, cells(t(fmt(3))) would display t-statistics with three
decimal places.

3. Automatic format: You may specify a1, a2, ..., or a9 to cause esttab
to choose a reasonable display format for each number depending on
the number's value. a may be used as a synonym for a3. The # in a#
determines the minimum precision according to the following rules:

o Absolute numbers smaller than 1 are displayed with # significant
decimal places (i.e. with # decimal places ignoring any leading
zeros after the decimal point). For example, 0.00123456 is
displayed as 0.00123 if the format is a3.

o Absolute numbers greater than 1 are displayed with as many digits
required to retain at least one decimal place and are displayed
with a minimum of (# + 1) digits. For example, if the format is
a3, 1.23456 is displayed as 1.235, 12.3456 is displayed as 12.35,
and 1234.56 is displayed as 1234.6.

o In any case, integers are displayed with zero decimal places, and
very large or very small absolute numbers are displayed in
exponential format.

+--------------------+
----+ Special characters +-----------------------------------------------

The \ and $characters and quotation marks have special meanings in Stata. You should therefore consider the following instructions if you, for example, intend to specify akward delimiters or specify special characters in labels: - Strings containing unmatched quotes should be enclosed in compound double quotes (thus, delimiter("""') results in columns delimited by ", while delimiter(") produces an error). - The backslash character is used to delay macro expansion in Stata. Specifying \\ in Stata 8 just results in the printing of \. To get a double backslash in Stata 8 (the \newline command in TeX), type \\\. - The dollar sign is used for global macro expansion in Stata. Thus,$x
would result in the display of the contents of global macro x (or
nothing, if the macro is empty). Therefore, use \$to produce$ in
the output. For math mode in LaTeX I recommend using $$...$$ instead
of $...$.

Stata's char() function may also be used to specify odd characters (see
help strfun). In particular, "=char(9)'" results in a tab character and
"=char(13)'" results in a carriage return. For example,
delimiter(" =char(9)' ") specifies that a tab character with a leading
and a trailing blank be used as delimiter.

Tip: It is sometimes very useful to set the format of all cells in a
spreadsheet to "Text" before pasting the estimates table. This prevents
the spreadsheet program from trying to interpret the cells and ensures
that the contents of the table remain unchanged.

+-------------------+
----+ Using @-variables +------------------------------------------------

estout features several variables that can be used within string
specifications. The following list provides an overview of these
variables.

and end() label suboptions, and in the blist() and elist() suboptions
in varlabels():

@span to return the value of a count variable for the total
number of physical columns of the table.

@M to return the number of models in the table.

@E to return the total number columns containing separate
equations.

@width to return the total width of the table (number of
characters).

@hline to return a horizontal line (series of dashes, by default;
see the hlinechar() option).

@title to return the title specified with the title() option.

@note to return the note specified with the note() option.

@discrete to return the explanations provided by the discrete()
option (provided that the margin option is activated).

@starlegend to return a legend explaining the significance
symbols.

o  In the prefix() and suffix() suboptions of mgroups(), mlabels(),
eqlabels(), and collabels(), and in the labels specified in these
options:

@span to return the number of spanned columns.

o  In the erepeat() suboption of mgroups(), mlabels(), eqlabels(), and
collabels():

@span to return the range of spanned columns (e.g. 2-4 if columns
2, 3 and 4 are spanned).

+----------------+
----+ Defaults files +---------------------------------------------------

Creating new defaults files:

To make available an own set of default options, proceed as follows:

copy the file from SSC and store it in the working directory).

2. Open "estout_mystyle.def" in a text editor and make the desired
Do-File Editor).

3. Save the file in the current directory or elsewhere in the
ado-file path as estout_newstyle.def (see help sysdir).

To use the new options set in estout, then type:

. estout ... , style(newstyle)

Defaults files syntax:

estout has two main types of options, which are treated differentially in
defaults files. On the one hand, there are simple on/off options without
arguments, like legend or showtabs. To turn such an option on, enter the
option followed by the options name as an argument, i.e. add the line

option option

to the defaults file. For example,

legend legend

specifies that a legend be printed in the table footer. Otherwise, if you
want to turn the option of, just delete or comment out the line that
contains it (or specify option without an argument).

To temporarily turn off an option that has been activated in a defaults
file, specify nooption in the command line (do not, however, use nooption
in defaults files). For example, if the legend has been turned on in the
defaults file, but you want to suppress it in a specific call of estout,
type

. estout ..., nolegend

On the other hand, there are options that take arguments, such as
prehead(args), delimiter(args), or stats(args, ...). Such options are
specified as

option args

in the defaults file (where args must not include suboptions; see below).
Specifying an option in the command line overwrites the settings from the
defaults file. However, note that a no form, which exists for the first
options type, is not available here.

Last but not least, there are two options that reflect a combination of
the first and second types: eform[(args)] and margin[(args)]. These
options can be specified as either

option option

or

option args

in the defaults file; the no form is allowed.

Many estout options have suboptions, i.e., an option might take the form
option(..., suboption) or option(..., suboption(args)). In the defaults
file, the suboptions cannot be included in the definition of a
higher-level option. Instead, they must be specified in their own lines,
as either

optionsuboption suboption

or

optionsuboption args

In the case of a two-level nesting of options, the name used to refer to
the suboption is a concatenation of the option's name and the suboption's
name, i.e. "optionsuboption"="option"+"suboption". For example, the
labels() suboption of the stats() option would be set by the term
statslabels. Analogously, the three level nesting in the stats() option
yields suboption names composed of three names. For instance, the
suboption called by the command

. estout ..., stats(..., labels(..., prefix(args)))

would be referred to as

statslabelsprefix args

in the defaults file. The cells() option represents an exception to this
rule. It may be defined in the defaults file using only a plain array of
cells elements without suboptions, e.g.

cells "b se" p

However, the suboptions of the cells elements may be referred to as
el_suboption, for example

b_star star

or

se_par [ ]

Be aware that the support for comments in defaults files is limited. In
particular, the /* and */ comment indicators cannot be used.  The other
comment indicators work (more or less) as usual, that is:

o  Empty lines and lines beginning with * (with or without preceding
blanks) will be ignored.

o  // preceded by one or more blanks indicates that the rest of the line
should be ignored. Lines beginning with // (with or without preceding
blanks) will be ignored.

o  /// preceded by one or more blanks indicates that the rest of the
line should be ignored and the part of the line preceding it should
be added to the next line. In other words, /// can be used to split
commands into two or more lines of code.

Saved results

estout saves the following in r():

Scalars
r(nmodels)    number of models
r(ccols)      number of columns per model in r(coefs)

Macros
r(cmdline)    command as typed
r(names)      names of models
r(m#_name)    model-specific macros where # is the model number and
name is macro name

Matrices
r(coefs)      coefficients
r(stats)      summary statistics

References

Cong, R. (2000). sg144: Marginal effects of the tobit model.  Stata
Technical Bulletin 56: 27-34.

Jann, B. (2005). Making regression tables from stored estimates.  The
Stata Journal 5(3): 288-308.

Jann, B. (2007). Making regression tables simplified.  The Stata Journal
7(2): 227-244.

Newson, R. (2003). Confidence intervals and p-values for delivery to the
end user. The Stata Journal 3(3): 245-269.

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank numerous people for their comments and suggestions.
Among them are Joao Pedro Azevedo, Kit Baum, Elisabeth Coutts, Henriette
Engelhardt, Jonathan Gardnerand, Simone Hirschvogl, Daniel Hoechle,
Friedrich Huebler, Maren Kandulla, J. Scott Long, David Newhouse, Clive
Nicholas, Fredrik Wallenberg, Ian Watson, and Vince Wiggins.

Author

Ben Jann, ETH Zurich, jannb@ethz.ch

Also see

Manual:  [R] estimates

SJ:      SJ5-3 st0085 (Jann 2005)
SJ7-2 st0085_1 (Jann 2007)

Online:  help for estimates, estcom, estimates table, ereturn, format,
file, mfx, eststo, esttab, estadd, estpost
`